Category Archives: Dissertations proofreading

Common Mistakes: Afflict Vs. Inflict

The prefixes ‘aff’ and ‘in’ make a world of difference to the meaning of these two words. It is all a question of point of view. If one inflicts pain upon someone else, the victim is afflicted by pain.

Dissertation Proofreading


The verb ‘afflict’ means ‘to affect in a negative way’. It is most often used in the passive, as in the sentence:

‘The workforce was afflicted by an outbreak of cholera’.

It can sometimes be used as an active verb, as seen in the following sentence:

‘Cholera afflicts people who are susceptible, like the elderly and young children’.

It is, however, rare for the verb ‘afflict’ to be used in any way other than in the passive. Whenever it is used actively, it is simply that the negative impact (in this case, cholera) is put before the verb rather than after it.


The noun ‘affliction’ means a state of distress, illness, misery or great hardship. It refers to a situation which is so unpleasant and unfortunate that it is emotionally difficult to bear. As it is quite an old-fashioned word, it is now often used in a sarcastic or ironic way, as in the sentence:

‘We missed out on tickets to Glastonbury. Please sympathise with us in our affliction.’


To inflict is to impose or cause suffering, pain or something unpleasant. It can also mean imposing something which is un-wanted or unwelcome, like an opinion, upon somebody else.

The word ‘inflict’ is often used in the context of punishment or physical bodily harm, as in the sentence:

‘The attackers inflicted life-changing injuries upon the victim’.

The verb ‘inflict’ must always take an object. Its noun version, ‘infliction’, simply means the act of inflicting.

If you are still confused about the definition or usage of words like ‘afflict’ or ‘inflict’, or have any other queries about your writing, the professionals at Proofread My Essay can help you today!


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The Most Common Dissertation Writing Mistakes You Should Avoid

Dissertation writing can be daunting for the majority of students as it requires a great deal of research, understanding, planning, and analytical and writing skills. The combination of all these skills is difficult to cultivate in any one student. This leads to some very common mistakes that students commit while writing their dissertation.They include:
Superficial Research
Any extended piece of dissertation writing would definitely require relatively greater depth of research, analysis and planning than undergraduate and master’s essays. Shallow or trivial research questions cannot generate sufficient depth and richness of discussion and can affect your score.

Imbalance Amongst Chapters  
You must maintain appropriate balance between various chapters in your dissertation to work proficiently, fulfilling all requirements. Precise clues for your next chapter can provide appropriate relative impetus to your planning, methodology, analysis, conclusion, etc.

Beginning Early
Starting writing sessions of your dissertation too early shows that you have too little to write about. It is suggested to perform ample research and realise the value of a long and steady incubation of thoughts to find newer analytical insights.

Beginning Late
The standard length of most dissertations is over 10,000 words and often requires several drafts to ensure appropriate quality. It is advisable not to hurry during the writing phase and take ample time and efforts if you expect a high mark.

Uninteresting Topic
This aspect can also jeopardise your dissertation. It will not only diminish your own interest when researching, planning and writing the piece, but it will also fail to engage the reader.

Incoherence in Passages
Even well toned and thought-out material can be diluted by improper organisation and lack of proper structure. To create a well-structured dissertation, it is beneficial to use subheadings to indicate the progression of your ideas.

Wild Tangents
Relevance and focus are two necessary factors that should be displayed in your work. The length of your dissertation can risk your work digressing into irrelevanttopics and losing your grasp on the objectives driving your dissertation. Relevant and contextual data is fine, but unnecessary tangents are not acceptable.

Unprofessional Approach
Organised referencing andproper use of all ancillary tools like acknowledgements, appendices, and contents pages can work in your favour. You must consider these aspects seriously to exhibit your professional and honest approach to your studies. A callous attitude to these aspects will frustrate your credibility as a scholar.

Frequent Plagiarism
Universities are now focused on getting high quality and original written pieces from their students and hence they have started using sophisticated anti-plagiarism software. It is advisable not to pass on someone else’s work as your own. You must also remember that silly errors in referencing and ascription of ideas may also cost you dearly.

Above are the most common mistakes found indissertations. Ensure you avoid these errors in order to achieve a higher score. This could also be attained by hiring professional proofreading services from a reputed firm.

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Writing a Dissertation Literature Review – Tips to Consider

Many students struggle to write their undergraduate or master’s dissertation as they are unclear on the concept of the literature review. As it’s not mandatory when writing essays at lower levels the chances are you might not have any knowledge of the literature review.This can make it appear intimidating when compiling one for the first time as an essential part of your dissertation writing.
Below is a short overview of this section of the dissertation and a few vital tips on getting it right.

Literature Review – An Overview
In essence it is a summary of the current literature in the specific field you are researching and where within that your master’s dissertation would fit.
It is not merely a list of different authors in various fields and their opinions but also gives an idea of the entire topic – how it currently stands, explaining various bodies of literature which offer multiple perspectives on the most important aspects and discussing how the general consensushas changed or is being challenged of late.

Major Aspects of a Master’s Dissertation Literature Review
Make your literature review as comprehensive as possible, discussing all the major authors and theorists in the specific field of your dissertation.
Mentioning each authorin isolationis not sufficient. Where possible you should relate them to one another and provide a comparative view of different authors.
It is better to use subheadings and bullet points in your dissertation to separate and clarify the various areas of theory and the views of each writer. These subheadings might become core areas of the subject you later talk about in your master’s dissertation.

Ideal Length of Literature Review
It is imperative to mention all the primary experts that are considered influential in your specific field and the major areas of criticism revolving around the subject of your dissertation. Nonetheless, you don’t need to add broader theory – try to limit it within the confines of direct relevance to your topic.

For instance, if you are writing on the impact of gadgets on childhood behaviour, include authors who support those thoughts and beliefs. Also include theorists who say that other factors are more influential.However it would be unwise to talk about the impact of gadgets on other areas of society.

Understanding how to write a good literature review is quite an important processin creating a successful master’s dissertation. The above stated guidelines will help you write the best piece and put you on track for the highest marks. Don’t forget to take advantage of dissertation proofreading services if you’re uncertain of your writing skills or knowledge on the topic of your dissertation.

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Proofreading Vs Editing Services – De Facto Difference

Often confused with editing, proofreading is altogether a different task that is done at a different time during the publication procedure. Although editing can be done at any stage of writing i.e. overall writing or submission activity, proofreading is always performed in the final stage of writing, immediately prior to publishing the piece to detect all of the errors and mistakes in any written literature, before it is finally submitted for printing.

Proofreading Vs Editing Services

Proofreading Vs Editing Services

Proofreading vs. Editing

Proofreading is mostly concerned with detecting and correcting errors, particularly those that can immensely impact the meaning or value of a final printed product. Keeping this in mind, it should be done last in the phases of tasks associated with publishing, in order to ensure that all last minute errors are removed and not overlooked. The most primary difference between proofreading and editing is that editing is mostly related to contextual and factual changes, whereas proofreading is mainly limited to grammar, style, spelling, and punctuation. A proofreader may send back a document to the editor with queries about the content, but the proofreader does not make any change without the confirmation from the editor.

Proofreading Services

While most word processing software adds elementary grammar and spell check tools, these are not replacements for a professional proofreading service. Spell check tools are often seen to create many false positives, making writers confused or annoyed. In addition, in advanced spell check or grammar tools, there are only minor differences between proofreading vs. editing, resulting in wasting time for the author in deciding which suggestions are accurate and which are just the outcome of misapplied rules within the software’s paradigms. The program may often overlook misused words; for instance, the use of the word “affect” instead of “effect” may go unnoticed and find place in the final published piece. Such errors are only identified by professional proofreaders, quickly and much more accurately than any software programs currently available.

Editing Services

Editing services can provide useful fact-check and style improvement suggestions, both during and after the initial draft is over, which can improve the quality and flow of the end result. Although few editing services also offer proofreading, they do not consider this step in the initial phases, since it is quite possible that additional errors will crop up at a later stage. It is more professional and easier to simply edit the work for publication prior to the proofreading process, rather than doing it throughout all stages of writing and editing. The major task of editors includes offering guidance on stylistic approaches, and factual items that can specifically affect the credibility and authenticity of the work.

The Value of Proofreading vs. Editing

Ultimately, both proofreading and editing are necessary steps in the writing and publishing process and both are imperative to generate a fine and coherent final piece of written work for print.

Professional proofreading and editing services can offer publishers the best of both worlds by gaining access to the services they need for ideal literature pieces, whilst ensuring the quality of the finished product for end users. Make it a point that you use professional proofreading services, if you plan to write essays or dissertations, this way you can have an error-free and quality end product, for sure!

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